PHASE Nepal’s objectives under the theme of emergency relief, recovery, and reconstruction are:
- Assist affected communities in recovery and reconstruction after the devastating earthquakes of April and May 2015
- Help the community to develop relatively safer and sustainable water supply infrastructures
- Help in the refurbishment of the community properties
Disaster Risk Management
Since the earthquake in 2015 and subsequent aftershocks, PHASE has been engaged in recovery, rebuilding, and rehabilitation efforts in several of the most affected districts in Nepal. These projects include the construction of schools, community buildings (which can function as emergency shelters), trails, clinics, and homes in hard-hit areas. Support for livelihoods rehabilitation focuses primarily on agriculture, the dominant occupation in rural areas, including ongoing training for improved farming techniques, animal husbandry, and marketing.
Because these activities build resilience in communities through income generation, which is important to enable disaster preparedness at the household level, they primarily fall into the recovery stage of the DRM cycle (see Fig.) This year, PHASE teams initiated several programs to provide support at the mitigation, preparation, and response points as well.
Emergency Operations Planning
Nepal is vulnerable to a variety of disasters. Since its foundation in 2006, PHASE Nepal has responded to a range of emergency incidents, including earthquakes, epidemics, floods, landslides, and fires. Some of these situations have resulted in personal injury, loss of life and property damage. Following these kinds of incidents, PHASE works closely with the Government of Nepal (GoN), local governments, and other NGOs to ensure that victims are being reached and to avoid duplication and inefficiency of resources.
PHASE Nepal’s organizational Emergency Operations Plan (EOP) (draft) provides the organized management system for PHASE to follow during emergencies. It is designed as a flexible system in which part or all of the EOP may be activated, as appropriate to the situation. The EOP provides an organizational structure and procedures for the management of information, activities, and operations during an emergency. The EOP follows the format outlined by the Incident Command System (ICS), an internationally used framework for designating leadership and accountability in emergency situations, and is consistent with the principles of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR). The policies, procedures, and guidelines in this document enable PHASE Nepal to respond to emergencies in a way that minimizes their impact and duration. The EOP’s objectives are:
- To protect the lives and personal safety for PHASE staff
- To protect the lives and personal safety for people living in PHASE project areas, particularly populations that are vulnerable due to gender, caste, age, income, or disability
- Speedy containment of hazards (when applicable)
- Recovery and continuity of PHASE programs and projects
- Clear definition of roles and responsibilities for PHASE leadership and organizational sections under emergency circumstances