Livelihood Programmes

The third and equally important component of PHASE integrated project is Livelihood improvement. With the support from different donors PHASE has been improving the livelihoods of many thousands of people of its project areas. The foremost goal of PHASE’s livelihood programme is to ensure food security and proper nutrition for the target beneficiary families via improved vegetable farming programme, poultry, and goat rearing. These are in alignment with SDG goal 1 and 2.

 Wherever possible and feasible, PHASE provides vocational skills such as carpentry and tailoring to aspiring individuals of project villages in addition to the support provided in agriculture sector. Talking about agriculture, vegetable produced in the home garden of the participants is providing year-round supply of nutrition for the family. The surplus of the product is also finding the local market. In this fiscal year, the following livelihood activities were completed in different project villages as follows:

1. Livelihoods Recovery Project -Hagam, Baramchi, Dhuskun and Chokati

The objective of this project is to help in livelihood recovery for 1210 the neediest families in the 4 earthquake affected communities namely Hagam, Baramchi and of Jugal Rural Municipality and Chokati and Dhuskun of Tripurasundari Rural.

The details of the activities conducted throught this fiscal year is presented below.

Details of Livelihood Project in Jugal RM

S.N Name of Training Target Achievement Training participant detail Total
DF DM JF JM OF OM TF TM
1 First Crop Cycle one-day training: Nursery management / Crop production management and nursery demo. 22 22 53 8 201 126 51 15 279 142 421
2 Jhol-Mol Preparation 22 22 39 3 294 87 89 28 422 118 540
3 Compost Pit Preparation 22 22 39 3 294 87 89 28 422 118 540
4 Second crop cycle Nursery mgt. / Crop production mgmt., etc. and construction of Plastic House/Tunnel. 22 22 50 8 276 123 100 26 432 151 583
5 Crop plantation, plant protection, etc. 22 22 53 6 284 122 95 25 435 147 582
6 Post-harvest, marketing, etc. and follow-up of Plastic House/Tunnel  Construction 23 23 52 8 281 113 100 25 430 140 570
7 Training on maize cultivation and demo plot establishment. 23 23 49 9 230 80 105 34 374 126 500
8 First follow to maize cultivation (First intercultural operation) 23 23 25 3 150 62 35 13 198 89 287
9 Second follow up maize cultivation (Harvesting time) 23 16 25 3 150 62 35 13 198 89 287
10 Training on Rice Cultivation and demo plot establishment. 22 22 7 3 136 52 91 27 243 73 316
11 First follow to Rice cultivation (Transplantation) 23 23 7 3 136 52 91 27 243 73 316
12 Soil testing (N:P:K:Ca:OM:Texture) 23 14 11 8 91 88 41 46 144 143 287
13 Coops/Cage construction training 22 22 34 25 178 97 74 47 293 163 456
14 Training for Feed manufacture and record keeping process. 22 22 27 22 168 85 69 43 271 144 415
15 Training on Poultry distribution period 22 22 31 25 173 92 75 45 287 156 443
16 Training on Poultry Management practices 22 22 31 25 173 92 75 45 287 156 443
17 Follow up Poultry Treatment practices 22 22 34 25 174 97 74 47 289 163 452
18 Training for Shed Management 16 17 9 1 111 82 31 27 202 106 308
19 Breeding Goat selection procedure and its management process. 16 9 5 1 90 61 1 1 100 59 159
20 Feed preparation and fodder management 16 17 9 1 118 84 37 30 168 108 276
21 Green fodder management and cultivation practices 16 17 8 1 117 72 36 22 165 91 256
22 Tailoring 1 1 5 0 15 0 0 0 20 0 20
23 Seed and Agro vet Licensing Training 1 1 0 0 0 6 1 1 1 7 8
24 Agri-Mechanization repair and maintainers training 1 1 0 0 2 10 2 6 4 16 20
Total 447 427 603 191 3842 1832 1397 621 5907 2578 8485

 

Beneficiaries

S.N Group Type Types of Support Target Achievement
1 Goat Group Maize, Mendula, Mullato, Mollasis, Jointvench, Tocenta, NB 21, Seteria, Badame etc 234 260
2 Vegetable Group Onion, Radish, Carrot, Marpha Rayo, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Broad bean, Potato, Cucumber (Improved/Hybrid), Bitter Gourd (Improved/Hybrid), Pumpking, Sponge Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Tomato, Chilly, Brinjal, Poly bag, Plastic Sheet, Drum, Garden Pipe,  EM, MIT, Maize Seed, Four Season Bean, Chamsur, Palungo, Swiss-Chard, Coriander etc. 531 560
3 Poultry Group Maize, Poultry Chicks, Pellet Feed, Vitamin, Mineral, Water Feeder, Feed Feeder etc 445 455
4 Seed Production Group ranking by ward level Rice (Khumal-4) and Maize Seed  (Arun-2 and manakamana-3) for seed production 100 115
5 Support to ward level Mini Tiller, Seed Driller, Ridger, paddy Wheel, Plough, Potato digger, Weeding, Hermetic bag, Eartho-Spreader 5 5
6 Established the Fruit Orchard at Pocket level Fruit Sapling support ( Mango, Litchi, Jack Fruit, Walnut, Orange etc) 150 200
7 Establishment of Nursery Enterprise Multipurpose Medicinal Nursery (Satuwa) and other agro-forestry sapling. 2 1

2. Livelihoods Recovery Project- Tauthali and Piskar

The objective of this project was also to help in livelihood recovery for the neediest 575 families in two earthquake affected communities namely Tauthali and Piskar. This year the following activities were conducted to support their livelihood.

Detail project activities

Project Activities Events No. of Beneficiary Families
Seeds Distribution    
All season legume seed (beans), bitter gourd seeds 1 425
Cauliflower and Coriander Seeds 1 181
Onion, Cabbage, Broad leaf mustard, Pea, Broad Beans, Radish seeds 1 200
Paddy Seeds 1 135
Maize Seeds 1 425
Plastic Tunnels Plastics, nails and binding wires 2 185
Cattle Urine collection drum and sprayer 1 185
Tomato Seeds Support for sapling production 2 140
Chicks Support (8 weeks old giriraj breed) total 3095 chicks with Drinker and Feeder sets and poultry feed 4 kg each. 2 251
Fodder and Forage crops seeds (4500 Napier grass, 1800 broom grass, 5 kg epil-epil, 5 kg soya grass) 1 90
Cardamom (1200 seedlings) 1 13
Community Breed Goats (3 each in Tauthali and Piskar) 2 6
Agriculture Training and technical support    
Off seasonal vegetable training 8 167
Poultry production 1 18
Botanical Pesticide Training 1 25
Nursery Management and Polyhouse construction 2 41
Poultry Cage Management and Disease Management 4 103
Maize cultivation and demo plot establishment 17 425
Farm visits and one to one coaching of farmers Regular 575

3. Rebuilding livelihoods for earthquake-affected communities -Kashigaun and Keruanja

With the theme of rebuilding the livelihood, PHASE has been supporting these two locality, Kashigaun and Keraunja of Dharche Municipality. PHASE has been supporting 614 families in this fiscal year with the following activities. Among 614 households, 228 are from first year, 200 are from second year and 186 are from third year. Older groups are getting follow up technical support while new groups are getting full support.

Table 18 – Details of Livelihood Project Activities in Dharche RM

S.N. Activities Event Household Beneficiaries
F M
1 Poultry farming & vegetable farming, 3 days(2nd year)                  10.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00
2 Seeds support seasonal                     2.00                428.00                383.00                  45.00
3 Chicken distribution/10 chicken                     2.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00
4 Coop Construction                     2.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00
5 Orientation about vegetable farming                  10.00                228.00                215.00                  13.00
6 Poultry farming tools support/distribution, water feeds,
feeder
                    2.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00
7 Agriculture foods/distribution, sprayer drum, hajari,
garden pipe, EM, sprinkler
                    2.00                428.00                383.00                  45.00
8 Garlic farming orientation seed distribution                     3.00                  60.00                  58.00                     2.00
9 Potato farming orientation & seeds distribution                     6.00                110.00                104.00                     6.00
10 Walnut farming orientation & seeds distribution                     2.00                  58.00                  56.00                     2.00
11 Off seasonal vegetables farming 3 days training
& seeds distribution
                 10.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00
12 Off seasonal vegetables farming orientation
& seeds distribution
                 10.00                228.00                215.00                  13.00
13 Orientation about Bean (Rajma)farming                     3.00                100.00                  97.00                     3.00
14 Maize (sweet corn)                  10.00                428.00                383.00                  45.00
15 Orientation about ginger farming seeds distribution                     3.00                  50.00                  48.00                     2.00
16 Agri Machine supports & distribution
 (multi thresher, corn shredder)
                    6.00                     6.00    ­
17 Group formation 3rd year                  10.00                186.00                160.00                  26.00
18 Animal health camp                     1.00                176.00                  47.00                129.00
19 Poultry farming orientation                  10.00                186.00                  26.00                160.00
20 Fruit farming training 2 days                     2.00                  21.00                  20.00                     1.00
21 Sapling distribution (mango, jack fruit, citrus, banana)                     2.00                  21.00  ­  ­
22 Agro forestry cultivation & farming, seeds/sapling
distribution (Napier, Badame, Kimbu, Jaintvage)
                    2.00                  50.00                  48.00                     2.00
23 Collection center for local market(Hatt Bazar)                     1.00  Kashigau  ­  ­
24 Rustic store for potato seed maintain quality & poultry.                     1.00  kerauja  ­  ­
25 Silpoulin distribution for tunnel. 6×13 size                     3.00                200.00                168.00                  32.00

4. Upper Indrawati Development project- Baruwa and Bhotang

Similarly, as a part of integrated project, Livelihood Project in Baruwa and Bhotang was started in the middle this fiscal year to support 200 most needy families. The project activities in the six months of the projects is as follows.

Details of Livelihood Project

S.N. Livelihood Activities No. of events Beneficiaries Total
Male Female
1 Farmers Group Formation 36 events 37 163 200
2 Nursery Management Training 36 events 35 159 194
3 Inputs support (Seed, Polybag, Nursery plastic) 36 farmers groups 37 162 199
4 Maize cultivation Orientation 2 times 37 154 191
5 Monthly meeting of farmers group 18 events/ month per village 91 433 524
6 Seedling transplantation training 36 events 34 156 190
7 Regular follow up on farmers field Farmers 30 276 306
8 Selection of farmers for vegetable and fruit cultivation by meeting 36 events 37 163 200
9 Tunnel establishment training 7 17 69 86
10 Tunnel, watering cane, Heli lure and Cue-lure Distribution 2 events 17 69 86
11 Tunnel layout and establishment 2 events 17 69 86
12 Establishment of vegetable Demo plots 2 time (36 plots) 3 15 18
13 Vocational training (Agro-vet Training) 1 event) 1 1 2
14 Technical advice to farmers (Follow Up) Farmers 97 169 266
15 Bio-pesticide training 2 time (36 events) 36 159 195
16 Inputs support of fruits saplings (Orange, Lemon, Bhogate) 2 time (fruit farmers) 20 94 114
17 Inputs support (Polytank, scissors, Effective Microorganism,etc) 2 times 37 163 200

5. Livelihood Programme in the Mid and Far West

In the mid and far western region, the PHASE livelihood project focusses in improving the nutrition status of the community focusing on young children and women. In this fiscal year the following activities were completed in these areas.

 

SN Regular Activities No. of Event Beneficiaries
Lower Caste Indigenous Others Total
F M F M F M F M
1 Monthly meeting with Agriculture Group 682 1971 83 14 0 8395 584 10380 667
2 Nursery observation 993 428 53 3 0 1683 236 2114 289
3 Counseling Technical Support to Farmer 666 867 51 0 0 2637 124 3504 175
4 Field visit 1061 1330 85 13 0 5753 332 7096 417
5 Other 34 19 0 0 0 80 0 99 0
6 Public Audit 2 17 0 0 0 139 35 156 35
7  Kitchen Observation 98 161 0 0 0 508 0 669 0
8 Goat Observation 99 133 0 0 0 445 0 578 0
9 Chicks Observation 58 124 0 0 0 369 2 493 2
Trainings
10 Training on improved farming technique 20 59 3 1 0 283 60 343 63
11 Training on Kitchen Gardening 3 14 0 0 0 77 7 91 7
12 Training on vegetable seed Production 36 166 57 0 0 618 47 784 104
13 Training on animal husbandry focusing mainly on improved breeds and fodder management 3 15 0 0 0 52 0 67 0
14 Training on improved goat barn/shed 15 35 2 0 0 144 11 179 13
15 Training on homemade pesticides 9 31 0 0 0 165 10 196 10
16 Training on Bee keeping 1 13 0 0 0 73 0 86 0
17 Other 11 23 0 0 0 59 2 82 2
18 Chicks Orientation 30 200 0 0 0 779 1 979 1
19 Training on vegetable seed Production 17 10 0 0 0 180 0 190 0
20 Nursery Management Training 19 17 0 0 0 52 0 69 0
21 Ox Castration 10 0 0 0 0 78 22 78 22
Material Support
22 Vegetable seed distribution 41 458 21 1 0 1825 129 2284 150
23 Cover plastic support 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
24 Spray tank for home made pesticide 1 4 0 0 0 4 0 8 0
25 Green house/poly house demo 43 19 0 0 0 41 6 60 6
26 Chicks Distribution 9 128 0 0 0 272 0 400 0
27 Chicks Feed distribution 9 128 0 0 0 272 0 400 0
28 Chicks drug support 3 51 0 0 0 126 0 177 0
29 Grass seed distribution 10 25 0 0 0 147 0 172 0
Total 4009 6477 355 32 0 25304 1608 31813 1963
                           

 

Details of Breed Chicken Support

Project area Beneficiaries Number Total Chicks distributed Other support
Ruga 100 500 Training, chicks feed, food allowance to the beneficiaries
Natharpu 70 350
Photu 91 455
Jima 50 250
Dhainakot 86 430
Hyanglu 56 280
Total 453 2265

For further detail please refer to the annual report 2017-18.