Following the earthquake in Nepal in April 2015, PHASE Nepal launched an Earthquake Appeal, providing emergency relief for our project areas and adjoining communities in Gorkha and Sindhupalchok – some of the most severely affected regions of the country. After the earthquake PHASE has a seperate DRR wing running a series of projects in dissaster affected areas. A short summary of activities in the year 2017/18 is presented below.
1 Emergency Response
PHASE health team provided immediate medical treatment to the fire victims of Tajakot Rural Municipality (RM) Ward no. 1, Jimana (Ghatmana), former Maila VDC. The fire outbreak on 1st April 2018 burnt 25 houses of 23 families, killed their livestock, destroyed food and other belongings and injured 5 people. PHAES health team from Rugin and Maila reached the site with medicine immediately after the incident, treated three of them locally and referred other two severely injured to higher health care center after basic treatment.
Upon request of Tajakot RM, PHASE provided roofing materials, CGI sheets and nails to the 23 affected families. Most of them have used the sheets to have fire resilient roof for them. Earlier most of them had thatched (grass roof) highly susceptible to fire that whole village was gone in a single event of fire.
2 Reconstruction of Public Infrastructures
2.1 School buildings
Ghurdanda Primary School
Single floor, four class room reinforced concrete frame structure building completed in Ghurdanda, Syangja district and handed over to the school management committee. With this construction, 60 students and 8 teachers have safe learning environment. The school still needs at least two more rooms, one for classroom and other for office for which, funding has not been assured yet.
Reconstruction of Ganesh Basic School in Baruwa, Sindhupalchok
Three class room earthquake resilient building with WASH facilities has been completed and is in use now. The 2015 earthquake destroyed the school building and teaching/learning was continued in a temporary arrangement. The SMC and the local people, parents of the students, were extensively involved relevant to their skill and availability. The completed construction has provided safe space for teaching and learning. Local people feel confidence and have started sending their children to this school thus there is about 100% increase in number of students compared to just before completion.
Reconstruction of Bankali and Jaldevi Schools in Hagam, Sindhupalchowk
Two blocks with three classrooms each have been nearly completed for Bankali Secondary School in Sindhupalchok. The classrooms are now in use with temporary partition to make 10 classrooms and office room. About 320 students and 11 staff have better and safer teaching/learning space available in the monsoon. Construction of one administrative block and other facilities are in progress.
Similarly, one block with three classrooms, two boys’ toilet and one administrative block with 4 rooms completed for Jaldevi Secondary School. The classrooms and the administrative block are now in use. These constructions have provided safer and better space for teachers and students. Remaining construction. The red roof is new construction and the blue roof was completed by PHASE in 2016.
Local people are preferred as worker for the construction. This construction has created 2360 workdays for them.
School management committee (SMC) of both the school is involved in procurement decisions. SMCs of both schools have identified most vulnerable people to support construction so that they also get an opportunity to participate in the rebuilding process.
Total construction is expected to complete by 2019.
2.2 Health Posts and Out Reach Clinics
Kashigaun and Keraunja Health post
Health post buildings in Kashigaun and Keraunja in Gorkha have been handed over with equipment and furniture for proper functioning as a rural birthing center. Both the health posts facilities are in use.
Hagam Health post
Construction work for this health post has been completed. Minor interior works are remaining to handover to the health post authorities. Staff quarters are in use by the health post staff.
ORC construction in Yanglakot, Hagam and Dhuskot, Fulpingkot
Construction work of four room, single story, reinforced concrete frame structured building for ORC in Yanglakot has been completed. Painting work is ongoing. Hagam ORC will be handed over to the local government by mid September 2018.
Similarly Dhuskot ORC in Fulpingkot has been completed, door and window fixing, electrical works and painting is ongoing. This building will be completed by October 2018 for handover.
2.3 School Toilets in earthquake affected schools.
Three earthquake affected schools of Kashigaun, Keraunja and Hulchuk have new gender friendly toilets built as a part of integrated project running in these 3 villages of Dharche Rural Muncipality Gorkha. The beneficiary schools are Manjushree Secondary School, Kashigaun; Keraunja Secondary School, Keraunja; and Ichchhya Basic schools hulchuk. These schools who have new school building rebuilt after the earthquake but were falling sort of enough gender friendly toilets.
2.4 Community Buildings
Five community buildings with earthquake resilient features are under construction in five project areas, namely Baramchi, Dhuskun, Chokati, Tauthali and Piskar in Sindhupalchok district. The community buildings will be used for community activities such as meetings, training etc. During any disaster in the community, these buildings will be used as an emergency shelter.
2.5 Irrigation Canals
Along with other infrastructures, irrigation canals in the PHASE project areas were severely affected by the 2015 earthquake. Three of them are under construction, two in Baramchi and one in Hagam in Sindhupalchok. After completion, these canals will provide irrigation water for timely plantation, mainly of rice and wheat to the farmers field.
2.6 Resilient Rehabilitation of Trail
Resilient Rehabilitation of Trail (Unnat Goreto project was designed to rehabilitate/construct trail damaged by earthquake of 2015 in four wards (Kashigaun, Kerauja, Mambu and Hulchuk) of two rural municipalities (Arughat & Dharche) in Northern side of Gorkha District. Project was conducted in consortium partner between PIN (People In Need) and SW (Scott Wilson) Nepal funded by DFID.
Project was designed to benefit victims of earthquake directly and indirectly, making ease in transportation and mobility, as trail is only means of transportation; cash for work model was adopted to construct their own path, so that ownership develops for future maintenance.
All together 70.57 km trail was rehabilitated/ constructed. Figure shows about 48 percent rehabilitation was made in Kerauja, about 29 percent in Kaahigaun and about 23 percent in Manbu
Similarly, 5 truss bridge were constructed in very needy area of Kerauja and Manbu (2 Manbu & 3 Kerauja) and for ease of pedestrian 8 rest areas were built, 3 in Kashigaun and 5 in Kerauja. Numerous unskilled workers were turned to skilled workers due to regular guidance of technical person.
Social discrepancy related to daily wage rate for male and female was break down by project with providing equal wages.
For further details please refer to the annual report 2017-18.